Evaluation of Potential Creativity (EPoC)
Maud Besançon
University Rennes, France
  • EPoC is a new battery that allows creative giftedness to be measured. It includes verbal and graphic subtests that measure the two key modes of creative cognition-divergent-exploratory thinking and convergent-integrative thinking in elementary and middle-school students. This battery can be used as an efficient diagnostic tool to identify creative potential and to monitor progress, using pre-tests and post-tests, in educational programs designed to enhance creativity. Easy to use by teachers, psychologists and educators, this instrument can, for example, help school psychologists to identify, in regular schools, children with creative potential;
  • The definition of Creativity adopted by the developers of this battery states that “creativity is the ability to produce work that is both: Novel; and context appropriate”;
  • The definition of the creative process adopted by the developers of this battery states that the creative process is “the sequence of thoughts and actions leading to the production of novel, and context appropriate work”;
  • EPoC is concerned with two types (or modes) of thinking processes (or thoughts): Divergence-Exploratory (D) and Convergence-Integrative (I);
  • Divergent-Exploratory is “the ability to produce many, varied elements based on a stimulus”;
  • Convergent-Integrative is “the ability to articulate or integrate several elements into a cohesive unit”;
  • EPoC has two similar/ equivalent/ parallel forms: Form A, and Form B. Each form (e.g., A or B) has one introductory/ warm-up item and 8 sub-tests;
  • The tasks are completed during two test sessions (approximately 45 minutes each, individual testing) with one week between the sessions; and
  • EPoC is the first evaluation tool to combine an approach to creativity by domain and by mode of thought, which allows a profile of creative potential to be assessed.